[Japanese] [Tanaka's works]

Practicable Gender-Equal Societies

Danzyo Kyoudou Sankaku Syakai no sinzitu

TANAKA Sigeto (tsigeto(AT)nik.sal.tohoku.ac.jp)

Kansai Suuri Syakaigaku Kenkyuukai [Kansai Association for Mathematical Sociologists] 2000-07-15 meeting at Osaka University.


The current Japanese gender-equal policy aims for an equal share of paid and unpaid work between women and men, through reducing both childcare and paid working hours. This paper criticizes the practicability of that policy.

First, a logical analysis of an official document (1996) demonstrates the tacit assumption that men are full-time workers. That assumption limits the domain of possible time allocation between women and men, since the normal working hours are applied to all men.

Second, with the data for the average amount of time spent on paid and unpaid work by women and men aged 30-39 in 1995 (surveyed by the NHK Broadcasting and Culture Research Institute), the policy is assessed by numerical simulations. The results show that gender-equal time allocation never realizes under the current policy.

Finally, the author suggests three modifications to the policy:


1. Japanese Gender-Equal Policy

1.1 What is Danzyo Koudou Sankaku Syakai
1.2 Two goals of the current policy
1.3 Questions

2. Mathematical Description

2.1 Definition of equality
2.2 Tacit assumptions in the gender-equal policy
2.3 Trade-off between full-time paid work and unpaid housework

3. Realizing Equal Societies

3.1 Current realities
3.2 Reducing childcare
3.3 1800 working hours per year
3.4 Simulation of equalized societies

4. Policy Implications

4.1 Modifications to the policy
4.2 Another practicable gender-equal society


Body of the paper

Tohoku University / Arts and Letters / Applied Japanese Linguistics / Tanaka Sigeto
E-mail tsigeto(AT)nik.sal.tohoku.ac.jp

Created at 2001-08-27. Last updated at 2001-08-27.