Family Studies based on Quantitative Analyses of Surveys: RC06 paper session at 2014 XVIII ISA World Congress of Sociology (2014-07-19)

Female Employment and the Socioeconomic and Family Factors in Japan

Junko INUI (Tsukuba University, Japan)

Description: Oral Presentation at 2014 XVIII ISA World Congress of Sociology
Paper No: 128.2
Session: Family Studies based on Quantitative Analyses of Surveys (RC06 paper session)
Date of presentation: 2014-07-19 (Saturday) 8:49
Location: Room 413, Pacifico Yokohama, Yokohama, Japan
Language: English
Blog article on the session:



This study uses nationwide panel data to identify determinants of female employment in Japan. Almost 70% of women exit the labor market during marriage or childbirth and this figure remains high, especially among higher educated women (Cabinet Office 2006).

Reports indicate that whether married women work or not is explained by "Douglas-Arisawa's law," which suggests that there is a higher non-core family members' labor force participation rate in lower core income than in higher core income households. This law's validity has been proven using panel survey data in 1997 (Kawaguchi 2002), yet some reports currently indicate that Douglas-Arisawa's law is collapsing, especially among married women with less than a high school education (Manabe 2004). Furthermore, Takeuchi's (2003) study used panel data from Japanese married women aged 30 years and below and found that life events such as childbirth and child-rearing serve as restraints to employment, and that wives have not reacted to changes in their husbands' income.

This study verifies the current validity of Douglas-Arisawa's law and the determinants of women's employment in Japan.

Data obtained from the National Family Research of Japan, 2008-2011 Panel Study (NFRJ-08 Panel) were used with a dependent variable having a job dummy, where having a job = 1 and not having a job = 0. The results of logistic regression analysis shows that vocational school or university graduates would probably work than high school graduates with a lower probability of wives working if their husbands' income are higher. A short-term reduction in the husband's income did not affect the wife's probable employment; however, the youngest child's age did have an effect. Results indicate little change from Takeuchi's (2003) results and appear to maintain Douglas-Arisawa's law.



Junko INUI (乾 順子)


Questions/comments are welcome. In particular, those on data availability and compatibility are especially welcome because they are the very central topics of the session.

On Twitter, include the hashtag #ISA14RC06S6 to mention the papers on this session. For an article on weblogs or on WWW sites, let us your URL via a trackback or a comment to, or direct e-mail to the session organizer.

See the "Author" secion above for direct communication with the author(s).

Related Sites and Pages

This session and the Research Committee 06:

Links on ISA14:

Tohoku University / Faculty of Arts and Letters / Applied Japanese Linguistics / TANAKA Sigeto / ISA14 / This session


History of this page:

Generated 2014-08-23 20:43 +0900 with Plain2.