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Family Creating Inequality
- a quantitative analysis of gender gap in post-divorce life
Tohoku University Global COE International Seminar 2009 — Gender Equality in Multicultural Societies: Gender, Diversity and Conviviality in the Age of Globalization (2010-08-04)
(Graduate School of Arts and Letters, Tohoku University)
Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan
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This presentation focuses on the gender difference in post-divorce life in contemporary Japan. The data are drawn from the National Family Research of Japan (NFRJ) project, which is a series of surveys using probability samples across Japan conducted by the Japan Society of Family Sociology. The main focus is on the gender effect on equivalent household income among divorced people. Results indicate strong negative effect of two variables: (1) presence of young children and (2) discontinuous occupational career due to childbirth or childrearing. These are the two main factors in the low standard of living for divorced women. The results thus show that the family process has created gender inequality and the family law/policy has failed to remove the inequality. Further discussion arises as to two topics: (1) formulation of the law/policy aiming at gender equality from the viewpoint of distributive justice; and (2) implications of our findings for sociological research on the power structure within family.
equality of opportunity, remarriage, full-time regular employee, financial provision on divorce
Table of contents
- Gender and Distributive Justice
- 1.1. “Equality of opportunity” principle
- 1.2. Gender equality law in Japan
- 1.3. Family as a distribution system
- 1.4. Measurement of economic benefits
- Marital Experience and Equivalent Household Income
- Factors of the Economic Gender Gap in Post-Divorce Life
- 5.1. Findings from our analysis
- 5.2. Law/policy implications
- 5.3. Perspectives for intra-family distribution
List of Tables
- Table 1. Synopsis of NFRJ03
- Table 2. Log equivalent household income by household size
- Table 3. Log equivalent household income by sex and marital experience
- Table 4. Contribution to household income (among those who experienced divorce)
- Table 5. Remarriage or co-residence with parents (among those who experienced divorce)
- Table 6. Presence of children under 13 (among those who experienced divorce)
- Table 7. Percentage of full-time regular employees (among those who experienced divorce)
- Table 8. Descriptive statistics for regression analysis (for those who experienced divorce)
- Table 9. Regression analysis of log equivalent household income (for those who experienced divorce)
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Reference list includes kanji titles and names that would otherwise be difficult to identify. In triangle brackets < > are ISBN, ISSN, URL, or NCID (see
http://webcat.nii.ac.jp). [J] is for Japanese literature.
The data for this secondary analysis, National Family Research of Japan 2003 (NFRJ03) by the NFRJ Committee, Japan Society of Family Sociology, was provided by the Social Science Japan Data Archive, Information Center for Social Science Research on Japan, Institute of Social Science, The University of Tokyo.
Related sites and pages
Faculty of Arts and Letters
Applied Japanese Linguistics
Family Change in an Aging Society with Low Fertility
Copyright (c) 2010 TANAKA Sigeto
History of this page:
- 2010-07-21:Minor correction
- 2010-07-31:Table of Contents, References, and Acknowledgement added