Is the generational contract between care and inheritance still alive in Japan?

The coexistence of gendered bilateral and patrilineal intergenerational relationships
(Kansasi University)
A Quantitative Picture of Contemporary Japanese Families: Tradition and Modernity in the 21st Century (Tohoku University Press) (2013-03-28)
Title: Is the generational contract between care and inheritance still alive in Japan?: The coexistence of gendered bilateral and patrilineal intergenerational relationships
Author: YAMATO Reiko (大和 礼子)
Page: 57–91
Short URL: {}


Chapter 3. Is the generational contract between care and inheritance still alive in Japan? - The coexistence of gendered bilateral and patrilineal intergenerational relationships

  1. 1. Introduction and research question
  2. 2. Japanese society and its intergenerational relationships
  3. 3. Studies of the intergenerational relationships within the family
    1. 3.1. Theoretical frameworks
    2. 3.2. Empirical studies on care and inheritance
  4. 4. Data
  5. 5. Results
    1. 5.1. Classification of attitudes
    2. 5.2. Attitudes toward adult children and children-in-law
    3. 5.3. Attitudes toward bequest and care
      1. A) The “cared-for-by-&-bequeath-to-child” group
      2. B) The “selling-assets-&-buying-care” group
      3. C) The “care-as-public-responsibility” group
    4. 5.4. Why the exchange of inheritance for long-term care from a child is difficult in present-day Japan
  6. 6. Conclusions and policy implications



Table 1–4


  1. [Anderson 1990] Anderson, Digby, 1990, “The State of the Social Policy Debate,” Social Policy Review 1989–90,30–43.
  2. [Arber and Attias-Donfut 2000] Arber, Sara and Claudine Attias-Donfut (eds.), 2000, The Myth of Generational Conflict: The Family and State in Ageing Societies, London: Routledge.
  3. [Bengtson 2001] Bengtson, Vern L., 2001, “Beyond the Nuclear Family,” Journal of Marriage and Family, 63(1): 1–16.
  4. [Campbell 1993] Campbell, John Creighton, 1993, How Policies Change: The Japanese Government and the Aging Society, Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.
  5. [Cowgill 1972] Cowgill, Donald O., 1972, “A Theory of Aging in Cross-Cultural Perspective,” in Donald O. Cowgill and Lowell D. Holmes (eds.), Aging and Modernization, New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1–13.
  6. [Finch and Mason 2000] Finch, Janet and Mason, Jennifer, 2000, Passing on: Kinship and Inheritance in England, London and New York: Routledge.
  7. [Finch and Wallis 1994] Finch, Janet and Wallis, Lorraine, 1994, “Inheritance, Care Bargains and Elderly People’s Relationships with Their Children,” in David Challis, et al. (eds.), Community Care, Aldershot: Ashgate, 110–9.
  8. [Hirayama 2009] 平山洋介, 2009, 『住宅政策のどこが問題か』光文社.
  9. [Horioka et al. 2002] ホリオカ, チャールズ・ユウジ/山下耕治/西川雅史/岩本志保, 2002, 「日本人の遺産動機の重要度・性質・影響について」『郵政研究所月報』 163: 4–31.
  10. [Ishikawa and Maeda 2000] Ishikawa, Hisanori and Maeda, Daisuke, 2000, “Development of Long-Term Care for Elderly People in Japan,” in David R. Phillips (ed.), Ageing in the Asia-Pacic Region: Issues, Policies and Future Trends, London: Routledge, 133–57.
  11. [Iwai and Yasuda 2008] 岩井紀子・保田時男, 2008, 「世代間援助における夫側と妻側 のバランスについての分析:世代間関係の双系化論に対する実証的アプローチ」『家族 社会学研究』 20(2): 34–47.
  12. [Izuhara 2004] Izuhara, Misa, 2004, “Negotiating Family Support?: The ‘Generational Contract’ between Long-Term Care and Inheritance,” Journal of Social Policy, 33(4): 649–65.
  13. [Izuhara 2009] Izuhara, Misa, 2009, Housing, Care and Inheritance, Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge.
  14. [Kawabata 2001] 河畠修, 2001, 『高齢者の現代史』明石書店.
  15. [Kikuzawa 2007] 菊澤佐江子, 2007, 「女性の介護」『福祉社会学研究』 4: 99–119.
  16. [Koyano 2003] Koyano, Wataru, 2003, “Intergenerational Relationships of Japanese Seniors: Changing Patterns,” in Vern L. Bengtson and Ariela 89 Lowenstein (eds.) Global Aging and Challenges to Families, New York: Aldine de Gruyter.
  17. [Litwak 1960] Litwak, Eugene, 1960, “Geographic Mobility and Extended Family Cohesion,” American Sociological Review, 25(3): 385–94.
  18. [Litwak 1965] Litwak, Eugene, 1965, “Extended Kin Relations in an Industrial Democratic Society,” in Ethel Shanas and Gordon F. Streib (eds.), Social Structure and the Family: Generational Relations, Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 290–323.
  19. [Morioka 1980] 森岡清美, 1980, 「戦後の家族構成の変化と家意識の崩壊」『歴史公論』 6(1): 122–7.
  20. [Nakane 1977] 中根千枝, 1977, 『家族を中心とした人間関係』講談社.
  21. [Noguchi et al. 1989] 野口悠紀雄・上村協子・鬼頭由美子, 1989, 「相続による世代間資 産移転の構造:首都圏における実態調査結果」『季刊社会保障研究』 25(2): 136–44.
  22. [Ochiai 1997] Ochiai, Emiko, 1997, The Japanese Family System in Transition, Tokyo: LTCB International Library Foundation.
  23. [Ochiai et al. 2007] 落合恵美子・山根真理・宮坂靖子編, 2007, 『アジアの家族とジェン ダー』 ( 双書ジェンダー分析 6) 勁草書房.
  24. [Osawa 2007] 大沢真理, 2007, 『現代日本の生活保障システム:座標とゆくえ』岩波書 店.
  25. [Palmore and Maeda 1985] Palmore, Erdman B. and Maeda, Daisuke, 1985, The Honorable Elders Revisited: A Revised Cross-Cultural Analysis of Aging in Japan, Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press.
  26. [Parsons 1949] Parsons, Talcott, 1949, “The Social Structure of the Family,” in R. N. Anshen (ed.) The Family: Its Function and Destiny, New York: Harper and Brothers, 173–201.
  27. [Shanas et al. 1968] Shanas, Ethel, Peter Townsend, Dorothy Wedderburn, Henning Friis, Poul Milhoj and Jan Stehouwer, 1968, Old People in Three Industrial Society, London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
  28. [Shi 2008] 施利平, 2008, 「戦後日本の親子・親族関係の持続と変化:全国家族調査 (NFRJ-S01)を用いた計量分析による双系化説の検討」『家族社会学研究』 20(2): 20–33.
  29. [Shirahase 2005a] 白波瀬佐和子, 2005, 「少子高齢化の中の成人未婚子」『少子高齢社会 のみえない格差』東京大学出版会, 109–134.
  30. [Shirahase 2005b] 白波瀬佐和子, 2005, 「少子高齢社会の世代間支援」『少子高齢社会の みえない格差』東京大学出版会, 135–160.
  31. [Someya 2003] 染谷俶子, 2003, 「社会変動と日本の家族:老親扶養の社会化と親子関係」 『家族社会学研究』 14(2): 105–14.
  32. [Toshitani 1987] 利谷信義, 1987, 『家族と国家』筑摩書房.
  33. [Townsend 1957] Townsend, Peter, 1957, The Family Life of Old People: An Inquiry in East London, London: Routledge and Kegan.
  34. [Walker 1996] Walker, Alan, 1996, The New Generational Contract,London: UCL Press.
  35. [Yamasaki 1988] 山崎広明, 1988, 「厚生年金制度の「抜本改正」過程」東京大学社会科 学研究所編『転換期の福祉国家 下』東京大学出版会, 79–169.
  36. [Yamato 2006] Yamato, Reiko, 2006, “Changing Attitudes Towards Elderly Dependence in Postwar Japan,” Current Sociology,54(2): 273–91.
  37. [Yamato 2008] 大和礼子, 2008, 『生涯ケアラーの誕生』学文社.
  38. [Yamato 2010] 大和礼子, 2010, 「“日常的援助における性別分業にもとづく双系”と“系 譜における父系”の並存:現代日本における高齢者−成人子関係についての文献レビ ューから」『関西大学社会学部紀要』 42(1), 35–76.
  39. [Yoneyama 2011] 米山秀隆, 2011, 『少子高齢化時代の住宅市場』日本経済新聞出版社.


The study in this chapter was funded by a 2007–2009 Grant-in-Aid {kaken:19530481} for Scientic Research by the Japan Society of the Promotion of Social Science through the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology. The author is grateful to Yukiko Shindo (Sonoda Women’s University) and Akiko Iwabuchi (Otemon Gakuin University) for their cooperation in planning and conducting the interviews.


Questions/comments are welcome. Send your message to the editor via:

Tohoku University / Faculty of Arts and Letters / Applied Japanese Linguistics / TANAKA Sigeto / Family Change in an Aging Society with Low Fertility / Book

History of this page:

This page contains Japanese characters encoded in accordance with MS-Kanji: "Shift JIS".

Generated 2014-01-10 17:37 +0900 with Plain2.

Copyright (c) 2013, 2014 TANAKA Sigeto