田渕 六郎 ; 田中 重人 <http://www.sal.tohoku.ac.jp/~tsigeto/isa14/rc06-s6j.html>XVIII ISA World Congress of Sociology, パシフィコ横浜 (2014-07-19 08:30)
(国際社会学会 / RC06)
Program changed two days before the session. See below.
Page 126 in the Book-form program (512 pages; 10.7 MB PDF): http://www.isa-sociology.org/congress2014/isa-wcs2014-program-book.pdf
Abstract Book (1176 pages; 16 MB PDF): http://www.isa-sociology.org/congress2014/isa-wcs2014-book-of-abstracts.pdf (First author's alphabetical order)
The organizer sent an e-mail on presentation guideline and time manegement to all presenters/authors: "Additional guideline for the Session at ISA World Congress of Sociology, Yokohama" (2014-07-02 23:30 +0900 JST)
We have 12 minutes for presentation and 6 minutes for discussion per paper.
M. Alexandra FERREIRA-VALENTE
The authors of distributed papers have a few minutes to introduce a summary of the paper (without slides).
Papers that address family issues using survey data from all over the world are welcome. Preference will be given to national or local data sets especially those from Asia. The mission of session organizers is to facilitate the sharing of national and local data sets and promote future collaboration among participants. Papers that focus on some aspect of balancing family and work demands are especially welcome but other family topics will be considered. Work-family balance needs particular attention especially in societies where people face extremely low fertility rate and underperformance in women in the labor force, as in Eastern Asia.
Although family researchers in all regions worldwide are accumulating more and more micro-level quantitative data on family-related behaviors, sharing that data with researchers from other countries or regions is rare. For instance, in Japan a number of quantitative studies using data from reliable, nationally representative surveys such as NFRJ (National Family Research of Japan) are increasing in number. The sharing of survey data between countries and regions will increase the possibility of comparative studies.
We are mainly targeting on studies of work-life balance in East Asia. However, papers on any topic related to families in any society are welcome, as far as they use quantitative methods.
(Draft 2014-07-30 ; Revision 2014-08-03)
The session "Family Studies based on Quantitative Analyses of Surveys" started at 8:30 on the last day of the congress. To begin with, the audience was small (less than the number of presenters!). Fortunately, the number of participants increased as the session progressed. The highest it reached was about 40.
The session organizers, TABUCHI Rokuro and TANAKA Sigeto, had planned this session in order to facilitate sharing of information about quantitative data analysis on family issues internationally, dialogue among scholars from different societies, and to develop mutual understanding and the possibility of future collaborative research. We had selected eight papers for this session. These addressed family issues through quantitative analysis of several contemporary developed societies from Asia and Europe. These societies share the common condition of the second demographic transition, facing social problems such as fertility decline, work-family conflict, and gender inequalities. Our papers discussed these issues in contexts specific to each society. In particular, changing (or unchanged) gender differences in the family system were a major concern in all our papers.
There were changes in the program. Linda LANE canceled the paper listed as the fourth oral presentation of the session. Instead, Gaëlle AEBY went on stage as the last presenter. Thus, we had a total of five oral presentations and two distributed papers.
Each presentation was of 12 minutes duration, with an additional 6 minutes set aside for discussions. We began by introducing the five presentations and the floor discussions that would follow them.
HSIEH Chih-Lung's presentation, "The Effects of Sibling Structure on Fertility Decision in Taiwan," was on sex-preference and fertility decision. Findings from the Panel Study of Family Dynamics (PSFD) illustrated how son-preference affected the choice of having children, depending on the sex and birth order sequence of existing children. A discussion was held on how we could interpret the findings in the context of the current state of fertility in Taiwan, where population statistics indicate that most parents have only one or two children.
INUI Junko's presentation, "Female Employment and the Socioeconomic and Family Factors in Japan," was on determinants of employment of married women, with a focus on the husbands' income. Data from National Family Research of Japan 2008-2013 Panel Study (NFRJ-08Panel) supported the hypothesized negative effect of husbands' income on wives' employment, as suggested in the works of Paul H. Douglas and Arisawa Hiromi. The discussion was mainly on methodological issues such as the definition of variables and descriptive statistics for them.
M. Alexandra FERREIRA-VALENTE's presentation, "Family Money Management Arrangements: Using the 2010 Statistics on Income and Living Conditions Survey to Study the Portuguese Case," was on intra-household money management patterns based on Jan Pahl's typology. Using Portuguese 2010 EU-SILC (European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions) data, respondent households were classified into six types based on family money arrangement patterns. Family and socio-economic variables were then tested as determinants of the pattern. Questions were asked about the typology of family money arrangement and interpretation of the results.
Wilfried RAULT's presentation, "The French "Study of Individual and Conjugal Trajectories" Survey (2013)," was a report of findings from a survey conducted last year. Preliminary results were reported on couple formation including PACS. Simple tabulation of sexual relationships, cohabitation experiences, and so on, by basic demographic variables, indicated a clear trend in respect of some aspects of the couple formation processes among the French.
Gaëlle AEBY's presentation, "Gendered Life Courses and Personal Networks in Switzerland," was on the relationship between life course pattern (clustered based on sequence analysis of co-residence and occupation history) and personal networks (measured with name generator). Results from Family tiMes Survey in Switzerland revealed gender differences in life course pattern as well as their effects on personal networks. Questions were asked about methodological issues such as the validity of measurement of personal networks.
The session concluded with the authors of the two distributed papers making short speeches. NISHIMURA Junko introduced the paper "Re-Entering the Labor Market after Childbirth among Japanese Women." Results from the analysis of the 1960-1979 birth cohort subsample from the Japanese Panel Study of Consumers (JPSC) explained the determinants of Japanese women re-entering the labor market after childbirth and occupational changes thereafter. SHISHIDO Kuniaki introduced the paper "A Current Picture and Overall Trends of Japanese Family Based on Japanese General Social Survey Cumulative Data 2000-2012." It showed changes in Japanese families during this decade, focusing on marital status, women's employment, and housework, based on JGSS data.
In spite of the short time allocated to each presentation, the session progressed as scheduled and was a success. We would like to thank all the participants for their cooperation. Regrettably, due to time restriction, some discussions were cut short. We hope that they were able to continue these discussions after the conclusion of the session.
Data featured in the abovementioned papers are either open or scheduled to be open for academic use worldwide. Thus, it has become easier to gather results from surveys in different societies to draw an integrated picture from a common theoretical perspective. It is gratifying to note that this session could contribute to the progress of joint/comparative research on family issues pertaining to societies.
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このセッションと RC06 (国際社会学会 家族研究委員会) について：
東北大学 / 文学部 / 日本語教育学 / 田中重人 / ISA14
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